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Prepositions

Prepositions

A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun, called the object of the preposition, to another word.

Some common prepositions are about, above, across, at, before, behind, between, by, down, during, for, from, in, like, near, of, on, out, past, throughout, under, upon, with, and without.

The preposition in each of the following sentences shows the relationship between plants and greenhouse. Greenhouse is the object of each preposition.


EXAMPLES 
  • The plants inside the greenhouse are on sale. 
  • The plants behind the greenhouse are on sale. 
  • The plants near the greenhouse are on sale.
A preposition that consists of two or more words is a compound preposition. Some common compound prepositions are according to, along with, apart from, aside from, as of, because of, in addition to, in front of, in place of, instead of, next to, on account of, and out of.

EXAMPLES 
  • I sat next to the window. 
  • In front of the store are several parking spaces.
The object of a preposition is a noun, a pronoun, or a word group that functions as a noun. A preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object form a prepositional phrase.

EXAMPLES 
  • Did you put the flowers in cold water? [In cold water is a prepositional phrase. In is the preposition, water is the object of the preposition, and cold is an adjective modifying water.] 
  • Maybe the car is parked next to it. [Next to it is a prepositional phrase. Next to is the compound preposition, and it is the object of the preposition.]

Adverb or Preposition?

Adverb or Preposition?

Some words that can be used as prepositions may also be used as adverbs. Remember that an adverb is a modifier and does not have an object. Prepositions always have objects. 

PREPOSITION 
  • I stood outside my house. [Outside has an object, house.] 

ADVERB 
  • I stood outside. [Outside is an adverb describing stood.] 

PREPOSITION 
  • We walked around the airport. [Around has an object, airport.] 

ADVERB 
  • We walked around. [Around is an adverb describing walked.]

Adverb or Preposition? Quiz

Adverb or Preposition?

Choose whether the underlined word in each of the following sentences is a preposition or adverb.

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